I graduated from Iolani School in 1973. I graduated from Hawaii Loa College with honors in 1978. After working for a few years, I went on to the William S. Richardson School of Law at the University of Hawaii, where I obtained my Juris Doctor with honors in 1984. I then clerked for Associate Justice Frank D. Padgett of the Hawaii Supreme Court before joining the law firm of Case, Kay and Lynch (later Case & Lynch) in 1985. I resigned as a partner of Case & Lynch in 1995, and in 1996 became Of Counsel to Lynch & Farmer (later Lynch Ichida Thompson Kim & Hirota). I no longer actively practice as a lawyer.
I completed my studies, practica, internship, and dissertation for a Doctorate in Clinical Psychology from Argosy University in Honolulu. My dissertation topic concerned the psychological assessment and treatment of patients with diabetes. I was awarded my doctoral degree in June 2004. I obtained my Hawaii psychology license in 2005. I am a no longer a member of the American Psychological Association (APA) owing to its current dysfunction. I am a member of the Hawaii Psychological Association (HPA). I have been an Ethics Fellow at The St. Francis International Center for Healthcare Ethics.